Unfortunately, when it comes to global education rankings, Brazil often appears in the latest positions, regardless of what is evaluated. In contrast, it is common to see asian countries and those in the Scandinavia and Europe region always occupying the top positions.

Check out some common features of countries that are educational superpowers, according to the BBC:
1) It is better not to have natural resources.

We will start with a very peculiar characteristic: if you want good results in education, it is better than your country does not have many natural resources.

One example is the Middle East, which has huge oil reserves, and it also tends to have very few educational indices. The reason is that this discourages interest in studies, since it is difficult to encourage a person who hopes to be rich, regardless of their results at school.

On the other hand, small nations with few natural resources had to learn to live and to progress rapidly with their own intelligence. A good example is South Korea, which 60 years ago had one of the worst illiteracy indices in the world. Today, it already exports various products and technologies to the whole world.

2) Be in East Asia

Speaking of South Korea, it is interesting to note that many of the educational powers are located in East Asia. Singapore ranks first in the International Student Assessment Program (Pisa), followed by Japan. Other countries outside the region rank among the top 10, such as Taiwan, Macau, Honk Kong, China and Vietnam. The South Koreans appear “only” in 11th place.

3) Have a neighboring country that is larger than your

Another common feature of the educational powers is that many had to struggle hard to stand out from some neighbor who was more important than them.

For example, Finland, Poland, and Estonia, which are often well-rated in education rankings, had to step out of the shadow of the Soviet bloc. Singapore, which appears first in the Pisa list, is a tiny state city, which has much larger neighbors in size and population.

And what do you do to match them? Just invest in education.

4) Being a relatively “young”

Some of the countries that are well placed in education rankings may have ancient cultures, such as Japan and China. However, several others have emerged recently.

Finland, for example, will celebrate its centenary this year alone, while South Korea and Singapore, in their current political form, only emerged in the last century.

Even Vietnam, which emerged from a cruel civil war in the 1970s, is investing heavily in education and has been reaping the fruits of this investment, even surpassing countries like the United States and some European powers.

5) Long-term planning

Investing in education also fits the old maxim that results do not come overnight. Sometimes it takes 10 years or more to make changes in the educational system to the point where it makes some positive difference in the country’s position in relation to educational rankings.

And this is not usually a good incentive for a world as timely as today, where everything needs to be done in the short term. For example, it is common to see ministers of education being exchanged in a matter of days in nations that are not usually well-judged.

Coherence and continuity should be important factors when investing in education.

How To Care for Eyebrows

How To Care for Eyebrows


Did you notice how the eyebrows became part of the makeup? Yes, they have always been there, on your face, of course, but only now they are gaining real prominence. Therefore, it is essential to know how to take care of these threads that make so much difference in our beauty.

A few years ago, the fashion was to have a super thin and high eyebrows. Over time, however, people have come to realize that the eyebrows are part of a complete facial harmony. Therefore, it is essential to respect the shape and the hairs so that they do not deviate from the set.


If you do not know how to take care of your eyebrows, check out the following tips:

Format: If you have a lot of hair, the thickest eyebrow is probably the one that most suits your face. Although we always have trends that come and go, it has become essential to use the format you already have and just perfect. Taking others can leave you with a different expression, not to mention that some hair may never grow, and if you change your mind, it may be too late.

Filler: Unfortunately, most of us do not have identical eyebrows. Therefore, to make a more symmetrical appearance, it may be important to fill in flaws and make them more equal. Likewise, a wrong hairstyle that you take can be corrected by the aid of a brush with appropriate color shade or brown pencil, more discreet.

Henna: For those with lighter hair, henna can be a great way to highlight the eyebrows. The result is temporary, and you can decide whether you like the look or not. It’s interesting that you do not apply yourself, at least not if you do not have a lot of practice.

Men: It was the time when they should not do the eyebrows. Of course, the super designed and marked look does not look nice, but taking that excess between one and another makes all the difference. You can also take some of the hair closer to the eyelid. It helps a lot to look up.

Well-designed eyebrows have become very important in recent times and know how to take care of your help not to miss the hand. Do not hesitate to look for a professional from time to time, to unclog the hair and help you maintain a good shape. Maintenance can be done at home afterwards.



My Hair is Falling, What Now?

My Hair is Falling, What Now?

Losing a few strands of hair during the day is super common, but when does the situation start to worry? Many people become desperate when they realize that their hair is falling, and they do not know where to start to prevent this from happening.

hair fall
hair fall

First of all, it is super important to assess whether you are overreacting or if the drop is really exaggerated. In general, losing up to 100 threads per day is still considered normal. However, when wads and more wads get in the drain of the bathroom or in your clothes, it is important that you do not hesitate to seek expert help.

Understand better why your hair may be falling and start treating right now:

Procedures: There are increasingly healthier products for every kind of procedure. However, there is also a lack of care in its use. Many people prefer to opt for cheaper salons and end up suffering the consequences of what is not so good. Very aggressive progressives, poor-quality dyes, all contribute to the weakest thread.

hair falling
hair falling

Hormones: The hormonal changes in a woman’s body may also reflect on her hair. It is common for wires to fall a little more during the period of menstruation or pregnancy, for example. But if it lasts longer, it is important to evaluate the chances of some hormonal disease.

hair falling
hair falling

Remedies: Although we think that only treatments like chemotherapy can cause the fall, many other medications also have this power. Even contraceptives and antibiotics often affect hair.

Aging: over the years, it is natural for a decrease in wires to occur. Therefore, it is important to take care of hair from the beginning, using strengthens, moisturizers, etc. There is also the possibility of genetic decline.

Stress: A very stressful routine can also be reflected in your head. Extreme psychological situations will greatly contribute to your strings suffer, and can leave you with less hair during the most intense periods.

If you are identifying with any of these questions, or if you still do not know what may be happening, seek a dermatologist as soon as possible. It may be that you are suffering from some simple problem that can be solved before the fall gets worse. There are cases which just changing the power supply is enough.



10 Rules for Sleeping Night

10 Rules for Sleeping Night

10 Rules For Sleeping
10 Rules For Sleeping

If you find it hard to fall asleep or spend your nights awake, here are some advice for when Zzz will arrive.

1. Leave the caffeine in the middle of the afternoon. If you have difficulty falling asleep at night, it is best not to drink coffee, teas and soft drinks after 3 pm. Prefer (the good and healthy) water. Make sure you are not taking stimulant medications. Some pills for weight loss and for headaches, muscle aches or to lower fever have caffeine in their composition, read the package insert.

2. Do not skip meals. This will only make you avenge yourself at dinner, eat too much and opt for more calorie foods that will trigger blood sugar levels. These “large fluctuations in blood sugar are one of the major causes of problems in falling asleep and insomnia,” says dr. Oz in his book ‘You – Always Young’.
If you did not have time for dinner, and you’re home late, make some oatmeal with banana slices, fill your eye and stomach, you’ll be comforted. They are foods rich in tryptophan (a natural antidepressant that helps raise levels of melatonin, which regulates the biological rhythms, and serotonin, the wellness hormone). The banana also has potassium and magnesium, great for relaxing your muscles. Alternatively, how about a slice of dark bread with a teaspoon of homemade peanut butter (300g roasted peanut without film and without salt and a pinch of salt. Shred well and take the refrigerator for a few hours to solidify before using it. first time).

3.Rim lightly, lightly. Choose an easily digested protein, like fish. The ideal carbohydrates are the complexes – such as quinoa, brown rice, sweet potatoes, legumes and legumes -, foods rich in serotonin and melatonin. Another advantage is that they stabilize blood sugar levels, which is not the case if you eat plain carbohydrates (crackers, fries, white bread) that make them shoot and give you a bad night.

Furthermore, avoid spicy food at night, especially if you have a more sensitive stomach, and red meat and pork, difficult to digest.

4. Do not go to bed right after dinner. The temptation to veg on the new chaise longue while watching Masterchef or the new Secret Files can be a lot, but it’s the worst things you can do. Lie at least 2 hours after the meal.
We were not made to be lazy to follow a meal. Standing up helps in digestion because gravity keeps food where it should be, deep in the stomach.
If your dinner was full, the stomach can take up to 3 hours to be empty, so these days it is best to move and not go to the sofa. Remember that the brain takes about 20 minutes to record that we are already satisfied, now in this very period we can eat. Eat slowly, chew well, talk, pause, put down the cutlery … without haste.
Have you ever happened to go to bed full of belly and wake up in the morning with the feeling that you still have dinner all to digest? When we go to bed on a full stomach, digestion takes even more time to do, our metabolism is slower, everything is processed at a slower rate, and the food stays in the stomach longer … to ferment. This habit can even cause heartburn.

5. Drink a hot cocoa. This is good news for those who love chocolate, but be careful. You should not overdo it. At night, a square of dark chocolate is more than enough, or two tablespoons of cocoa powder mixed with hot milk and chamomile tea, an idea by Dale Pinnock, an English nutritionist, author of The Medicinal Chef ‘.
Chocolate has tryptophan (a natural antidepressant) and is very rich in magnesium, which helps relax the muscles, soon inducing sleep.

6. Have nuts and seeds by hand. No salt, of course! Almonds, walnuts, pumpkin seeds not only improve cardiovascular health but increase serotonin levels (such a hormone responsible in the sense of well-being), are good sources of magnesium, satiate and maintain stable blood sugar levels.
The naturopath Natasha Turner in her book The Hormone Diet gives an example of a healthy night snack and sleep inducer (this is if your dinner has been very light and for several hours): pour 1/4 cup of Pumpkin mashed with 1 to 2 tablespoons chia seeds over a natural Greek yogurt without sugar. She says it may be a modern version of the traditional warm milk at bedtime.

7. Do not drink before going to bed. When it is advised to drink 1.5l of water a day, it is not to be done at night. It is more practical. It is, there is a bathroom right next to yours, and no one will upset you if you get up to go 10 times to the toilet. However, the problem is the same. You’ll have to go to the toilet often … and during the night too, because there is no bladder that can hold 1.5l of water a whole night. A glass is fine, more than that you will dream that you are worried and in the bathroom … but after all, it is not a dream. There!

8. Have a glass of wine. If it has to be, but that’s all. Wine helps sleep, but it makes sleep deeper in the middle of the night and in some people, it even causes sleeplessness, says a study by researchers at the London Sleep Center published in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research ‘.

9. Cherries for supper. As if there were no longer enough reasons to cherish cherries, scientists at the University of Pennsylvania and Rochester in the United States gave one more to surrender to the power of this wonderful fruit: it is a natural source of melatonin, which helps us regulate sleep. Once you are in season (May, June, and July) you know, put them on your shopping list, and at night when you have a mouse in your stomach, put a hand full of cherries on a sash and delight yourself.

10. Are you going to have valerian tea? A study from the University of Maryland Medical Center confirms the benefits of valerian in sleep. The root has long been used for this purpose and to lower anxiety levels. It is also very popular as a natural alternative to conventional sleeping pills because it is safer and less addictive. Studies have been done with groups of people taking placebos and others taking valerian tablets and found that the latter reported more regular and healing nights of sleep.
Beware, however, because there are people for whom the valerian root has the opposite effect to what is intended, they become more nervous and anxious.
Ask your family doctor for advice before taking anything, even because you have to consider interacting with other pills (and herbal teas) you may be taking. Oh, and do not give children who have difficulty falling asleep without the opinion of the pediatrician.



Do not spend more nights in white.

Do not spend more nights in white.


It’s official: the Portuguese are really bad in bed. At least as far as sleeping is concerned. We went to know the reasons, look for ‘cures’ and travel through the deep mysteries of sleep.

It had to be easy: a person lay down, fell asleep without needing flocks of sheep, and woke up ready for a new day.

If this is not your portrait, you are not alone: 47% of Portuguese sleep badly, according to data from the High Authority for Health.

The problem is not only individual: we are creating a country of sick people who sleep at the wheel and spend the day tired, irritable and unproductive.

“Portugal is a country deprived of sleep, and a country deprived of sleep cannot function,” advocates neurologist Teresa Paiva. And when you do not sleep? For when one does not fall asleep, the Portuguese are not in half measures: they attack immediately with medicines, of which we are one of the biggest consumers. In 2008, each Portuguese consumed on average two boxes of sleeping pills!

“We have deep disrespect for sleep in Portugal,” says Teresa Paiva. For us, sleeping is a time we spend doing nothing. But what is sleep for, after all? Answer: no one knows for sure. In fact, in terms of prehistoric survival, it even seems a highly contraindicated activity. Imagine: anyone who stretched out in the savannah for a very long eight hours would risk waking up in a lioness’s stomach … “If sleep is not an absolutely vital function,” said specialist Allan Rechtschaffen, “it is the biggest mistake evolution. Already committed. ”

Apparently, however, evolution does not make mistakes, and sleep is even vital. “During sleep, all that is essential to a good vigil is produced,” explains Teresa Paiva. “It is highly productive in metabolic, immune, memory, learning.”

Learning, yes: this is, by the way, one of the main functions of dreams, which explains why small animals and babies still dream inside the uterus. “The chick when it comes out of the egg already knows what to do,” explains Teresa Paiva. “This is because inside the egg he previously dreamed of the behaviors necessary for his survival. That is why all of us humans have those dreams in which we fall or are persecuted: they are dreams linked to our evolution as a species. ”

Some say that we dream to remember, to fix events in memory, or to forget, to free our ‘hard drive’. Another function of dreams is symbolic, yet another has to do with creativity. However, if you do not remember your dreams, do not grieve: we are meant to forget you. Because? It is not known … “Probably the function of dreams is fulfilled whether or not we are aware of them. The important thing is to dream .. ”


It is not just adults who sleep poorly. We pass our poor sleep hygiene to the children: they go to bed late and take the day to nod.

Here too, it may be a question of information: according to a study cited by Teresa Paiva, there is a relation between the children’s sleep and the social level of the family. The higher the family level, the more children sleep.

However, there are more co-relationships: the more television they see, the less they sleep, the fatter they are, the they sleep, and the less gymnastics they do, the less they sleep. And did you know that the more sleep the better grades have? “We are ruining the lives of our children by putting them to sleep on a little!” Warns Teresa Paiva. “This is terrible and unimaginable!”

Furthermore, women have many reasons to sleep poorly. Yes, there is ‘no-girl’ sleep: According to ‘Sleep to Be Sexy, Smart and Elegant’ [Ellen Michaud, Reader’s Digest], we women have several stages in life where we give sleep problems: during menstruation, Pregnancy and during menopause, we can spend several nights without sleep on the hormones …

It is now known that not sleeping also makes us … fatten. And you do not have to spend the night eating cheesecake ice cream. For both women and children or men, explains Teresa Paiva, “the interaction of sleep with food regulation and absorption is fundamental. Sleeping on little increases the intake and absorption of food and therefore, makes us fat. ”


Our society is definitely not one to fall asleep with the angels. “People live with immense concerns,” notes Teresa Paiva. “When I started doing medicine, the families’ drama was the alcoholic father, with stories of beating the woman and the children. Now the main drama is the unstructured families. There are more conflicts, smaller houses, very unorganized lives. The mother and father work, they arrive exhausted, and all this increases the levels of anxiety and the difficulties in sleeping. ”

Watching television at night will only worsen and reduce sleep time. Falling asleep on the couch also does not help: “This is a myth: do not sleep better on the couch than in the bed!” Defends Teresa Paiva. “On the contrary, when we move from the couch to the bed, we have already lost our pressure to sleep.” This is all the greater the longer the previous waking time: “if you fell asleep, however, you decreased the pressure for sleep.”

Milk and cookies, is another myth: “Milk will only make you get up in the middle of the night to go into the bathroom.”

Conclusion: If you’ve been spinning in bed for more than half an hour or spending hours in the clear thinking of what to say to the boss, do not reach into the box of pills any more. Think first of how you can make your life more sleep-friendly. And to begin with, how about going to bed a bit earlier today?